Tyn Cellar Farm History
Researching Tyn Cellar Farm history the earliest records show the farm was part of the Margam Abbey Estate and run by the monks from 1247, the date Margam Abbey was built.
The exact date the farm was built is unknown but historians indicate the farm was probably built in the 13th or 14th centuries. The farm itself has gone through many changes in its life time.
The Farm started life as a long house and evidence of this can be seen in Room 6 of The Barn B&B where the original wall height can be seen. If you look at one of the arrow slit windows in Room 2 of the B&B you will see that they have used one of the water drain off stones from Kenfig Castle, so nothing new in recycling.
It is thought that the red stone that is in a couple of the original farm buildings possibly came from Somerset and was brought in by the small sailing ships as ballast. It was then offloaded at the Portland opposite Kenfig Castle, just a couple of fields away from the Ty’n Cellar Farm, when they were collecting the wool that the abbey was selling or offloading other supplies.
There are records showing that 10 ships sailed all the way up to Kenfig Castle to deliver timber that was purchased in Chepstow for use in the construction of the Castle. It is also possible that some of the sand stone used in the delicate carvings by the stone masons in the construction of Margam Abbey was brought in this way and possibly came from France.
In 1880, the whole farm underwent its biggest makeover when it was then part of the Margam Estate and owned by the Talbots. All the stone buildings underwent major rebuilding except for the stables. This was when all the dressed stonework was done as well as extending and raising the main house and The Barn which houses the B&B.
The name Tyn y Cellar means the house of the cellar man and this was the man responsible for storing, buying, selling and hiring anything the Abbey needed. Not many records remain about the farm when the Monks ran it but we do know that one of the Cellar men went on to be Bishop of Llandaff in Cardiff.
Henry VIII and the Dissolution of the Monasteries
History tells that after the dissolution of the Monasteries by Henry VIII, Margam Abbey and the land that went with it was purchased by Sir Rice Mansel of Penrice Estate in Gower in 1540. Our records show that Ty’n Y Cellar Farm was tenanted out to a local farmer and we are lucky to have a record of all the tenants who farmed here to the present day.
The farm was eventually sold to a Mr Thomas in the 1960’s and was farmed by him until his death in 2003 when we purchased the farm house, Barn and what is now Henrietta’s Hall.
After seeking planning and with the support of CADW (Wales Heritage) we converted The Barn into a 4-star B&B with 6 rooms. We are so pleased that we have received multiple awards and accolades from the local Tourism Association and Trip Adviser.
In 2016, we completed the purchase of the rest of the farm yard and their associated buildings and several fields around the farm.
2017 is a busy year with the development of the farm buildings. We are converting the farm buildings into self-catering Holiday Cottages which will be opened in the summer of 2017.
This marks a new age for Ty’n Cellar Farm and the next phase in history of this Grade II listed building.
We hope you enjoy your stay here and if you want to know any more about the history of the area please ask.